This is an extensive and user–friendly Chinese to English dictionary. The Tuttle Chinese–English Dictionary provides clear and accurate definitions in idiomatic English for the 18,000 most common Chinese vocabulary items (characters and compounds), including all words required for the official HSK Chinese Language Proficiency Examination used by the Chinese government as well as corporations and universities worldwide. This Chinese dictionary is designed specifically for English speakers. All entries are listed alphabetically in their romanized form using the standard Hanyu Pinyin romanization system. To ensure that the dictionary is up–to–date, recently coined terms have been included reflecting the dramatic changes taking place in Chinese society, business and education. Entries contain idiomatic expressions and detailed notes on Chinese culture, grammar and usage that are extremely useful for foreigners—a unique feature found in no other Chinese dictionary. Over 8,000 example Chinese sentences are provided showing how Chinese words are used in real–life situations. A concise guide to Chinese pronunciation, tones and grammar and lists of common character components, measure words are given at the front of the dictionary, while Chinese personal and place names are given at the back. Indexes list characters by strokes and also by radicals to enable the reader to look up characters when the pronunciation is not known. Key features of this Chinese dictionary include: Clear and concise definitions for 18,000 common vocabulary items. The only Chinese dictionary designed specifically for English speakers. All entries listed alphabetically in romanized Hanyu Pinyin form. Includes all words for the HSK Chinese language Proficiency Examination.